Currently, in Canada, the Entrepreneur category and Investor category of permanent residence is closed and will no longer be accepting such applications. However, the self-employed category remains open for those who wish to establish a business in Canada.
This category leads to permanent resident status in Canada should the applicant be successful in satisfying an officer that has sufficient experience and ability to establish a business at will.
For the purposes of immigration, a self-employed person is a foreign national who:
- has relevant experience,
- intends and is able to be self-employed in Canada, and
- can contribute to Canada’s economy in one of the required areas.
Relevant experience for a self-employed person means at least two years of experience in their intended business in Canada.
You will also need to take part in specified economic activities. These activities for self-employed individuals are selected by the province and decided by the laws of the province.
Specified economic activities
For a self-employed person, this means:
- cultural activities,
- athletics, or
- buying and managing a farm.
This also means that for your experience to be considered relevant, it must have the following:
- taken part in cultural activities or athletics at a world-class level,
- been self-employed in cultural activities or athletics, or
- experience in managing a farm.
Below is the list of occupations and their associated national occupational classification codes. Your intended activity in Canada will need to be on this
Professional occupations in art and culture
511 Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators
5112 Conservators and curators
512 Writing, translating and related communications professionals
5121 Authors and writers
5125 Translators, terminologists and interpreters
513 Creative and performing artists
5131 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
5132 Conductors, composers and arrangers
5133 Musicians and singers
5135 Actors and comedians
5136 Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
521 Technical occupations in libraries, public archives, museums and art galleries
5211 Library and public archive technicians
5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries
522 Photographers, graphic arts technicians and technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
5222 Film and video camera operators
5223 Graphic arts technicians
5224 Broadcast technicians
5225 Audio and video recording technicians
5226 Other technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
5227 Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts
523 Announcers and other performers, n.e.c.
5231 Announcers and other broadcasters
5232 Other performers, n.e.c.
524 Creative designers and craftspersons
5241 Graphic designers and illustrators
5242 Interior designers and interior decorators
5243 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers
5244 Artisans and craftspersons
5245 Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products
525 Athletes, coaches, referees and related occupations
5253 Sports officials and referees
5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
Things to Know about Applying as a Self-Employed Individual
As a self-employed individual, you can apply for permanent resident status based on your ability to demonstrate that you will make a significant contribution
to Canadian culture or athletics or if it is your intention to purchase and manage a farm.
The Self Employed category is a very complicated application as you will need to demonstrate your intentions as well as your future plans in Canada.
Our clients who have applied for this category struggle with what documentation they could provide to demonstrate this. Typically, we assist them in
producing a business plan that would satisfy an officer of their intentions. Further, use proof of previous work or completed projects as an indication of
what an officer can expect them to produce in Canada.
This category will be assessed against 5 selection factors:
A pass mark of 35 points is required as the minimum in order to be considered eligible.
Further, if you wish to be awarded points for your proficiency in English and/or French, you must submit language test results from a designated testing agency with your application.
You must include the results of one of the following language tests from a testing agency designated by CIC:
- IELTS: International English Language Testing System (General Training test only)
- CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (General test only)
- TEF: Test d’évaluation de français