Frequently Asked Questions about Permanent Resident Status in Canada
What is a permanent resident of Canada?
A permanent resident (PR) are citizens of other countries. They have been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada but do not hold Canadian citizenship. A person who is Canada temporarily, such as a student or a foreign worker is not a permanent resident.
What is a PR Card?
A PR card shows that you have permanent resident status in Canada. If you are travelling outside of Canada, it needs to be shown with your passport when you come back on via a commercial method (Airplane, train, boat, bus)
Who can apply for a PR Card?
- Not be a Canadian citizen
- Already be a permanent resident of Canada
- Be physically present in Canada
- Not have been asked by the Government of Canada to leave
What can permanent resident do (that temporary residents cannot)
Permanent resident status affords you the right to:
- live, work and study anywhere in Canada
- apply for Canadian citizenship,
- receive some of social benefits available to Canadian Citizens such as health care coverage
- protection under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and under Canadian Law
You must respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels. You must also pay taxes.
What does permanent residency not allow:
With permanent resident status you are not allowed to:
- Vote or run for office
- Hold some jobs that require a high level of security clearance
What are the residency obligations to maintain PR status?
In order to maintain PR Status, you must have been within Canada for at least 730 days during the last 5 years. The 730 days does not need to be continuous- just must total. It is important to keep track of current amount of days.
My PR card has expired. Does that mean I am no longer a permanent resident?
When your PR card expires, that does not mean that you lose your status. You can only lose status if you go through the official process.
Can I lose my permanent status?
You can lose PR status if
- You become a Canadian Citizen
- A removal order is made against you and comes into force
- You voluntarily give up status
- An adjudicator determines you are no longer a permanent resident after an inquiry or PRTD appeal
I don’t meet the residency obligations. What now?
Even if you don’t meet the residency obligations, you are still a PR until an official decision is made.
I’m outside of Canada, I don’t have a valid PR card or it’s about to expire.
You must apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) to return to Canada
I want to leave Canada but my card is about to expire. What do I do?
You can either renew your card before you leave. or apply or a PRTD from outside of Canada.
How much does a PR card cost?
It costs $50 per person to apply for PR card. This fees needs to paid each time you renew or replace your card.
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